Cisco

Cisco ASR-1001-X Update

There are at least two pieces of software you can update in a Cisco ASR-1001-X. The ROMMON (firmware) and the IOS itself. This router uses “Cisco IOS XE Software”. Which is an IOS process on a Linux kernel as far as I know. Cisco recommends specific ROMMON releases for different generations of software. You can …

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ASR Tips’n’Tricks

ASR-1001-X and IOS-XE is sometimes different and sometimes very similar to classic IOS. Update. You can update, the firmware as usual: # copy http: bootflash: # conf t (config)# boot system flash bootflash:asr1001x-universalk9.03.16.00.S.155-3.S-ext.SPA.bin Show SFP (transceiver) info: # show hw-module interface tenGigabitEthernet 0/0/0 transceiver status # show hw-module interface tenGigabitEthernet 0/0/0 transceiver idprom .. to be continued

MLPPP over L2TP over Ethernet Channel Groups on Cisco ASR

  Problem: After upgrading an ethernet port to a channel-group, all MLPPP connections fail on a Cisco ASR 1002-X. The log file looks like this: Jul 31 2015 07:04:44.801 CEST: Vi4 PPP: Phase is AUTHENTICATING, Authenticated User Jul 31 2015 07:04:44.801 CEST: Vi4 CHAP: O SUCCESS id 143 len 4 Jul 31 2015 07:04:44.801 CEST: Vi4 …

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Cisco ASR 1002-X and PPTP

Problem: PPTP from any client to an ASR1002-X Cisco does not work. PPTP Connections starts but in PPP LCP phase the connection fails. Solution: Cisco ASR1002-X with Software IOS-XE 15.3(2)S2 has no PPTP support. You have to take a different Router! Discussion: The weird thing is, that most of the PPTP stack is still configureable and working, …

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CDP / LLDP Fun

Problem: You want to know which switch and what port your Linux machine is connected to? Solution: If the switch does CDP (all Cisco switches do), it tells you a lot of information. Tcpdump can capture and show this information. # tcpdump -i eth0 -n -v -s 1500 -c 1 ‘ether[20:2] == 8192’ tcpdump: listening …

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Update Cisco Catalyst Software

I had to update the software of a new Cisco Catalyst 4948 yesterday. As usual I did: copy tftp://<hostname>/<filename> bootflash: conf t boot system flash bootflash:<filename> exit reload But the switch ignored the new software image. During boot it said: Booting first image from bootflash Solution: The config-register was set to 0x2101 right out of …

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Cisco Routing – Administrative Distance

Cisco routers are capable of different routing protocols and static and connected routes. Every routing protocol engine has its own distance/metric/weight to decide which route is best. When a routing protocol has chosen its best route, the route is entered into the routing table. The routing engine uses an “administrative distance” per routing protocol to …

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