Mikrotik OSPF Routing Distance Ignored

Discussion: Every routing protocol has a default distance to help the router to decide which route to use in case of multiple routes for the same destination. For Mikrotik routers these distances are listed here:https://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/Manual:Route_Selection_Algorithm_in_RouterOSIf you want to configure a backup link that is only activated when the OSPF main route is missing, you can …

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ARP and Broadcast Packets Missing

Problem: A Linux box with Debian 9 (kernel 4.9) on a HP server with Intel i40e (X710) network cards, is not reachable from neighbor machines, because ARP does not work. Discussion: while testing with tcpdump ARP worked, but later ARP stopped working again. When tcpdump is used with “-p” (non promiscuous mode) you can see …

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MITMProxy and IOS 13

Problem: if you want to debug a IOS app with MITMProxy, the iPhone needs to trust the MITMProxy CA. This is done by going to http://mitm.it/ and clicking on the apple symbol. Then you have to accept the “profile” in Settings “downloaded profiles”. Then you have to trust this new CA cert in “Settings” “General” …

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Linux Live-boot Fails after Debian/Devuan Update

Problem: after updating from Debian 8 to Devuan 2 the overlay live-boot failes with “no such device” Discussion: I use a bootable USB stick combined with live-boot. In this case the USB stick partition 3 is a normal ext4 file system used as read only “plainroot” filesystem. Live-boot overlays this with an ramfs.As I don’t …

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Greenlock(-express) Letsencrypt Fails with ECONNRESET

Problem: after upgrading vom greenlock-express v2.0 to v2.5 and switching from acme-v1 to acme-v2 every attempt to register a new TLS cert with Letsencrypt fails with “ECONNRESET” Discussion: the new version of greenlock tries to validate the .well-known/acme-challenge file before asking letsencrypt for the certificate.If your webserver is behind a loadbalancer or firewall and the …

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Apache Start Hangs during Reboot of a KVM Virtual Server

Problem: Apache needs very long to start on a virtual server running on a KVM/QEMU virtual maschine. Solution: Apache needs a RNG (random number generator) for startup, probably because of TLS. A pure virtual maschine has no RNG device per default. If you add an RNG device to the virtual maschine configuration, apache startup is …

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Sparse Files Howto

Unix file systems like ext3/4 can store files which are partly empty more efficiently by not storing blocks with all zeros. These files are called sparse files. When reading these files every things works as normal but “all zero” blocks don’t wast space on the drive. This can be useful for different application. For example …

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DELL iDRAC6 with Java8

Problem: The remote console feature of a Dell R710 server does not open with an Linux client with errors like these: Connection failed, Unsigned Java Applett, etc Solution: I had to change three things:in /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/lib/security/java.security I had to change to these lines: And in ~/.java/deployment/deployment.properties I changed these lines: And there is still a small …

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Akamai High Traffic Volume

Problem: Akamai is showing very high edge traffic volume, but other sources of accounting show less traffic, and Akamai is billing this high volume! Discussion: I activated log shipping to compare the volume of the shipped data, to the reported volume by Akamai. The difference was +66% in the Akamai volume. Support was not help …

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Remove ID3 Tags from Flac Files

Problem: Some flac players refuse to play some flac files, and even tools like an old ffmpeg can’t handle some flac files Solution: These flac files might have id3v2 tags which they realy should not, because flac uses vorbis style tags and not id3. Remove those id3v2 tags with this command: This removes the id3v2 …

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